What is Chlamydia trachomatis?
It is a bacteria that causes the disease called chlamidosis. Although it is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious complications, about 50% of men and 75% of women have no symptoms.
How is this infection transmitted?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection from one partner to another via vaginal, anal or oral contact. Also, infection can be transmitted from mother to fetus during delivery, so testing for sexually transmitted disease is recommended before pregnancy. Although it often does not show symptoms, the infection can be present in the body and transmitted to the partners in the absence of treatment.
Who is affected by Chlamydia?
Chlamydia Trachomatis generally affects the young population, under 30 years old, regardless of the gender.
What are the symptoms?
In many cases, the symptoms do not exist. The incubation period, that means the period from the moment of infection and the first symptoms, may be in the order of days to several months. Generally, the infection presents symptoms after 2-3 weeks after infection.
Symptoms in women may be:
– pain while urinating
– cloudy urine
– abnormal vaginal secretion
– irregular menstrual bleeding;
– abdominal pain;
– fever and fatigue.
The symptoms in men may be:
– smarting during urination
– cloudy urine
– watery discharge from the tip of the penis;
– dysuria or unpleasant sensation during urination (often this is the first symptom);
– crusts on the tip of the penis.
Being an asymptomatic sexual transmitted disease, chlamidosis can be present in the body for long periods without disturbing. Even if small bearable symptoms appear, embarrassment, lack of information or time will cause the patient to overlook what it feels. But complications that occur later may be severe, requiring even a presence at the emergency room.
How do you prevent the infection?
With condom, of course. Protection is very important in the case of new sexual partners or who are already infected.
How do you know if you have Chlamydia?
A simple diagnostic method is the Veneris Test – the only complete test in Romania to detect sexually transmitted infections. For this infection, you can use the Chlamydia Rapid Test.
How does the test work?
This test is for women use only and uses samples from the depth of the vagina. You can harvest them easily with the kit you will find in the box. The result will be ready in a few minutes. It has an accuracy of 98.3%. If it’s positive, your partner will also have to take the test.
What is the treatment?
Chlamydia infection can be cured by administering antibiotics. Retesting is recommended after 3 months after finishing the treatment to see if the infection has been completely eliminated. It is very important to avoid sexual contact during the treatment and for 7-10 days after it is completed.
Being a sexually transmitted disease, treatment should be followed by both partners and, as the case requires, the partners in the last 60 to 90 days.
Because infection can also be transmitted from mother to child during delivery, testing for sexually transmitted diseases is recommended before pregnancy. The fetus gets the infection of the eyes, rectum and throat. Between 30 and 40% of infected newborns develop complications such as conjunctivitis or pneumonia.
Untreated, the disease can even lead to sterility.
Severe symptoms / complications in women:
– severe pain with sudden start in the lower abdomen;
– abnormal vaginal discharge
– lower abdominal pain, associated with vaginal bleeding and fever
– increased urinary frequency
– pain and stinginess in urination.
Severe symptoms or complications in men:
– secretions in the penis
– frequent urination
– pain, swelling or sensitivity of the scrotum
– pain and stinginess in urination