What are the urinary tract infections?

Urinary tract infections are affections that are caused by pathogens like bacteria, viruses or fungi localized anywhere from the urinary tract to the kidney.

How do they appear?

Most of the times, the infections are caused by bacteria from the large intestine that migrate to the urethra and from there inside the urinary tract, to the bladder and up to the kidney.

Who can be affected by the urinary tract infections?

Anyone at any age can have a urinary tract infection. Women are more likely to be affected because they have a shorter urethra, that makes a shorter distance for the bacteria to travel  especially during the sexual intercourse. Approximately 50% of women will suffer at least once in their lifetime from this affection.

Men can also have an UTI at any age but the infection is more likely to appear over the age of 45-50 because of prostate affections.

What are the symptoms?

-pain and burn sensation during urination
-frequent urination sensation
-the urine can be turbid and have an unpleasant smell

If the affected part is the upper urinary tract, meaning the kidneys, apart from the symptoms explained earlier it can also appear lumbar pain, fever, shiver, nausea and vomiting.

There are 3 types of urinary tract infections:

Urethritis

STD manifested by the swelling of the urethra. The symptoms can be: pain and smarting while urinating, probably urethral secretion, discomfort during sex, painful ejaculation etc.

Cystitis

The most frequent urinary infection, it is an inflammation of the urinary bladder, the symptoms are frequent and painful urination, pressure on the lower abdominal area and unpleasant smell of the urine.

Pyelonephritis

Most often, a complication of the lower urinary infection that affects the kidneys being caused by various bacteria. Vomiting, fever, shivers and lumbar pains are specific symptoms for it.

Symptoms

-frequent need of urination
-pain and discomfort while urinating
-pain in the lower back
-lumbar pain
-unpleasant smell of the urine

Treatment

These kind of infections are often treated with antibiotics and supplements based on cranberry extract. Immediately after you start the treatment, the symptoms will fade and you will feel much better. Even so, the treatment must be continued for the entire period prescribed by the doctor or the pharmacist. The bacteria are not eliminated easily and the affection might reappear.

Attention! Pregnant woman must check the urine frequent to early discover the infection. If the infection spreads to the kidneys, there are big risks for the fetus.

How do you find out if you have a urinary infection?

Fast and simple with the help of the Veneris Test for Urinary Infections, you can find out if you have an inferior or superior urinary tract infection.

How does the test work?

There are measured four specific markers in the urine: leukocytes, nitrites, proteins and blood.

If the test is positive for any one of those markers, you have to take the second test from the box, for confirmation and after that you have to go to the doctor for treatment.

Candidiasis, the most common intimate infection. Do you know how to reveal it?

We want to start every day with a smile on our face, to radiate energy and to do things our way. To overcome any obstacle that crosses our path for the entire day, and in the evening to dedicate the time left to ourselves and relax. For this to happened, we must ensure that we are always in good shape and constantly aware of our intimate health. A genital infection, for example, can affect both our physical condition and emotional balance, or our couple life.

One of the problems that we can face is candidiasis, an intimate infection caused by Candida albicans, the fungus present in small amounts in the human body that develops particularly on the background of our weak immunity. This intimate condition is also known as vulvar-vaginitis or candidiasis vaginitis, and according to statistics, it affects over 75% of women. In many cases it is about a reappearance of the infection that was not detected in time or treated properly.

What are the causes?

Since our body already plays the role of the host for candida, candidiasis can affect our intimate health at any time if our immune system is weakened.

At the same time, candidiasis is one of the most widespread diseases among young Romanians who have started their sex life, women and men alike. One of the explanation is that, although it is treated quite easily, many people who have the infection, ignore the symptoms, does not detect the infection in time and often do not receive proper treatment.

Candidiasis may even be triggered by antibiotic usage that we take to make ourselves well, such as when we want to get rid of a simple flu. In such situations, the saprophytic flora, which controls Candida in the body, suffers, which makes it possible to create a favorable environment for the development of the Candida Albicans fungus and, implicitly, the appearance of the infection.

We still need to know that this intimate affection can be determined by superficial intimate hygiene, by vaginal washings that unbalance vaginal flora or some birth control pills and hormone-based drugs. They are messing up our hormonal equilibrium and weaken the body. Infection develops more easily in such cases, including after menstruation when we are slightly more sensitive. Also, specialist doctors found out that infections are more common after menopause.

Other causes that predispose us to this intimate condition may be stress and lack of a balanced diet. A diet rich in sweets, dairy and bakery products is not beneficial. Excessive consumption of these foods leads to major imbalances and allows the Candida fungus to develop incredibly fast. According to physician Gheorghe Mencinicopschi, a renowned biologist and nutritionist, candidiasis is directly influenced by the changes we make in the diet, for which the body makes great efforts to adapt. The doctor also says that the condition can also be determined by meals rich in carbohydrates or food allergies and genetic predispositions.

What are the symptoms?

Vaginal infections have some common characteristics, so the signs of an infection can sometimes be mistaken, which is why urine testing is one of the best ways to make a difference between these pathologies.

It is good to know, first of all, what are the specific symptoms, but it is equally true that this intimate infection can occur without giving us too much headaches at first, because it may be asymptomatic. More than that, it often happens that the discomfort caused by the candidiasis is just a little upsetting, easy to bear, and at least as easy to neglect. One more reason to be as careful as possible to our body and not overlook any change in the intimate area.

Candida albicans infection can affect us, women, but it can also affect our partner. The condition has specific symptoms that manifest in a certain way and can alert us to test ourselves.

For women, one of the most common signs of vaginal candidiasis is the change of secretions. They become more abundant, have a high consistency and get a greenish-yellowish color, as well as an unpleasant smell. Other embarrassing symptoms that can cause us to suspect a candidiasis may be the sting while urination or the urge to urinate frequently.

Some women also accused vaginal itching and stings, redness and dryness in the intimate area, symptoms that occur because vaginal secretions specific to Candida albicans infection are acidic. At the same time, some of us may have the unpleasant surprise of experiencing pain during sexual intercourse. Each organism is different and the infection can manifest through one or more signs with higher or lower intensity. It is important to remember that the symptoms of candidiasis are usually more pronounced before menstruation in the days preceding this period. It is best to test us right away, even if the discomfort is, perhaps, bearable.

Although it is rarely found in men, they may also be affected by Candida Albicans. The genital candidiasis in men is also known in the country side under the name “balanita” and has easy-to-identify symptoms: irritation in the foreskin area, increased itching, redness and inflammation, accompanied by a rather unpleasant smell. Other signs that should raise a question mark are abundant and whitish secretions, but also smarting during urination or during intercourse. For your good, it is best to test yourself as soon as possible.

What are the risks?

Usually Candida infections can be easily treated with antifungal drugs but it is very important to find it in time for treatment to be effective. If we postpone testing, we only allow the infection to develop and, consequently, we will heal in a longer period of time.

In addition, for people suffering from immune system disorders (eg, AIDS), candidosis is more difficult to treat and can easily reappear after treatment. This way, a Candida infection in a body with a very weak immunity system can endanger the patient’s life. The infection can pass into the bloodstream and from there, reach the vital organs.

How do we discover candidiasis?

If the body sends you signs that make you think, it is best to get a rapid  test. You certainly do not want the symptoms of the infection to get worse. Early detection is essential for your intimate health.

The first step is to carefully listen to our body, he knows best when something is wrong. And sometimes even the slightest sign of discomfort in the intimate area may hide a genital disorder. Fortunately, we do not have to worry about waiting for a doctor visit. We can find out in a few minutes if or not to follow a treatment.

The Veneris test for Candida Albicans gets rid of any doubt. It tells you quickly and precisely whether or not you have contracted this intimate infection. And perhaps the best news is that you can do it in the intimacy of your home, comfortably and discreetly, without confronting the embarrassment of going to a doctor. In addition, this test can also be used by your husband or partner, especially because the infection can be transmitted through sexual contact. Testing both partners is a necessary measure to avoid reinfection, as well as proof of respect, love and mutual care. Health is vital for the couple’s life to be at the height of expectations.

It is only up to you to take care of your intimate health, especially as you have a handy solution to test yourself using a trivial urine sample. Be sure of yourself in everything you do, test yourself.

What is Gardnerella Vaginalis?

Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common cause of bacterial vaginitis in mature and sexually active individuals. The disease replaces the vaginal flora, normally dominated by “good bacteria” (lactobacilli) with a complex and abundant flora in “bad bacteria”.

How does this infection occur?

Bacterial vaginitis occurs:
– following antibiotic treatments;
– in the case of hormonal variations;
– if your immunity decreases;
– if you have multiple partners or sexual contacts with a new partner.

Who is affected by bacterial vaginitis?

Bacterial vaginitis is very common among people with an active sex life with more partners.

Three out of four women will be affected at least once in a lifetime by this condition, which usually accompanies candidiasis, trichomoniasis or other urinary tract infections. Men may be contaminated by sexual contact with Gardnerella bacteria and may transmit infection to their partners.

Women who are carriers of Gardnerella Vaginalis (bacterial vaginitis) during pregnancy have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and premature birth.

What are the symptoms?

There are many possible symptoms for Gardnerella Vaginalis. However, a high proportion of women and men are asymptomatic. There are also situations where the manifestations of the condition are more serious.

Although it is not possible to make a clear classification of the symptoms, as we can do with other vaginal infections, the most common symptoms are:
– abnormal, homogeneous, yellowish-gray vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell (the smell may be the biggest sign of this condition);
– redness and swelling of the vulva;
– itches;
– pain.

How do you prevent the infection?

Using condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners are the most important measures you can take against this infection.

How do you know if you have Gardnerella Vaginalis?

Use the Veneris Bacterial Vaginitis Rapid Test. It is specially designed for you to get a quick result without having to go through unpleasant situations. You can try it at home or wherever you feel at ease and have privacy.

How does the test work?

Simply by analyzing a urine sample. The result is ready in just a few minutes, with a precision of over 98.7%.

What is the treatment?

Treatment for bacterial vaginitis is based on antibiotics, recommended by a specialist. It can be done by administering local medication (intravaginal) but also orally. Being a sexually transmitted infection, treatment is recommended for both partners. If the disease is not treated in time, the bacteria can be transferred into the urethra, where it also causes a urinary tract infection. The bacteria can also cause an abnormal PAP result, but treating the infection should lead to a negative result. Bacterial vaginitis can cause serious problems during pregnancy or after birth. Premature birth, weight loss, uterine infection and even spontaneous abortion are manifestations of bacterial vaginitis. If treatment is avoided, this may also reduce immunity to bacteria or other sexually transmitted diseases. Gardnerella vaginalis appears every time if the vaginal flora is disturbed. It is recommended to retest one month after treatment, to ensure complete elimination of the infection.

The most common symptoms are:
– abnormal, homogeneous, yellowish-gray vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell (the smell may be the biggest sign of this condition);
– redness and swelling of the vulva;
– itches;
– pain.

What is Trichomonas Vaginalis?

Trichomonas Vaginalis is a small parasite, found worldwide, especially in the areas where sexual education is low, causing the STD commonly known as Trichomoniasis.

This parasite can live inside the male or female urethra and can become active during sexual behavior. In other environments, outside the human body, the parasite can live up to a couple of hours. Transmitting the disease by other means other than intercourse is very rare.

How is the infection transmitted?

Trihomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection, so it is transmitted from one partner to the other.

In women, the parasite usually affects the vagina, urethra, the urinary bladder and the cervix. In men, the infection develops in the urethra or foreskin (for those uncircumcised). Also, the infection can be transmitted from the mother to the fetus while delivery.

Who is affected by Trichomonas Vaginalis ?

Anyone can be affected. Sexually active females of age between 16 and 35 are most exposed to the risk. Pregnant women that are infected tent to have premature birth and a low body weight child.

What are the symptoms?

According to expert studies, 50% of women and 90% of men that are infected have no symptoms. In general, the symptoms occur in the first week after exposure although there are cases in which the symptoms occur in 6 months after exposure.

How to prevent the infection?

It is recommended to use a condom in case of a new sexual partner or if you are aware that the person is diagnosed with this kind of infection.

How to find out if you have Trichomoniasis?

The rapid test for Trichomoniasis is the fastest solution. You can use it easily in the comfort of your home and it provides a fast and precise diagnosis.

How does the test work?

By examining a urine sample, you have the result in a few minutes with 99% precision.

What is the treatment?

Trichomoniasis is treated by oral administration antiprotozoal medication. Being a STD, both partners must be treated simultaneously in order to increase the healing and to decrease the chances of a reinfection. During the treatment and one week after it is recommended to avoid sexual intercourse. The practitioner can offer the best advice. The good news is that a new treatment won’t be necessary. Once the parasite is gone, the reinfection will take place only if there is an unprotected sexual intercourse with a person that has the parasite.

The symptoms in females can be:

  • Green-yellow abnormal vaginal discharge, abundant
  • Itching
  • Discomfort
  • Unpleasant smell
  • Pain while sexual intercourse
  • Frequent urination
  • Sore while urinating
  • Redness

The symptoms in males can be:

  • Abnormal penile discharge
  • Sore while urinating and after
  • Rash and redness of the tip of the penis

What is Chlamydia trachomatis?

It is a bacteria that causes the disease called chlamidosis. Although it is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious complications, about 50% of men and 75% of women have no symptoms.

How is this infection transmitted?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection from one partner to another via vaginal, anal or oral contact. Also, infection can be transmitted from mother to fetus during delivery, so testing for sexually transmitted disease is recommended before pregnancy. Although it often does not show symptoms, the infection can be present in the body and transmitted to the partners in the absence of treatment.

Who is affected by Chlamydia?

Chlamydia Trachomatis generally affects the young population, under 30 years old, regardless of the gender.

What are the symptoms?

In many cases, the symptoms do not exist. The incubation period, that means the period from the moment of infection and the first symptoms, may be in the order of days to several months. Generally, the infection presents symptoms after 2-3 weeks after infection.

Symptoms in women may be:
– smarting;
– itching;
– pain while urinating
– cloudy urine
– abnormal vaginal secretion
– irregular menstrual bleeding;
– abdominal pain;
– fever and fatigue.

The symptoms in men may be:
– smarting during urination
– cloudy urine
– watery discharge from the tip of the penis;
– dysuria or unpleasant sensation during urination (often this is the first symptom);
– crusts on the tip of the penis.

Being an asymptomatic sexual transmitted disease, chlamidosis can be present in the body for long periods without disturbing. Even if small bearable symptoms appear, embarrassment, lack of information or time will cause the patient to overlook what it feels. But complications that occur later may be severe, requiring even a presence at the emergency room.

How do you prevent the infection?

With condom, of course. Protection is very important in the case of new sexual partners or who are already infected.

How do you know if you have Chlamydia?

A simple diagnostic method is the Veneris Test – the only complete test in Romania to detect sexually transmitted infections. For this infection, you can use the Chlamydia Rapid Test.

How does the test work?

This test is for women use only and uses samples from the depth of the vagina. You can harvest them easily with the kit you will find in the box. The result will be ready in a few minutes. It has an accuracy of 98.3%. If it’s positive, your partner will also have to take the test.

What is the treatment?

Chlamydia infection can be cured by administering antibiotics. Retesting is recommended after 3 months after finishing the treatment to see if the infection has been completely eliminated. It is very important to avoid sexual contact during the treatment and for 7-10 days after it is completed.

Being a sexually transmitted disease, treatment should be followed by both partners and, as the case requires, the partners in the last 60 to 90 days.

Because infection can also be transmitted from mother to child during delivery, testing for sexually transmitted diseases is recommended before pregnancy. The fetus gets the infection of the eyes, rectum and throat. Between 30 and 40% of infected newborns develop complications such as conjunctivitis or pneumonia.

Untreated, the disease can even lead to sterility.

Severe symptoms / complications in women:
– severe pain with sudden start in the lower abdomen;
– abnormal vaginal discharge
– lower abdominal pain, associated with vaginal bleeding and fever
– increased urinary frequency
– pain and stinginess in urination.

Severe symptoms or complications in men:
– secretions in the penis
– fever
– frequent urination
– pain, swelling or sensitivity of the scrotum
– pain and stinginess in urination

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is an infectious disease, more specific a STD also known as “the clap “. It can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, be it vaginal, oral or anal contact. Gonorrhea is a human specific pathogen that developed resistance mechanisms against the attacks of the host’s immune system. Infertility and higher chances of getting infected with HIV are the most alarming problems an infected person can have. The manifestations vary from females to males.

How does this infection manifest?

It is an infection cause by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, transmitted from one infected partner to the other. Also, the infection can be transmitted from mother to the fetus during childbirth and this is the reason why it is recommended that the mother be tested for any type of STD before the pregnancy.

It is possible to get infected with gonorrhea if:

  • You have sexual intercourse unprotected, be it vaginal, oral or anal
  • You have multiple sexual partners
  • You begin your sex life before the age of 16-17, when information about sexual health is not enough or frequently ignored.

Who is affected by Gonorrhea?

According to the official statistics published by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, youth between 15-24 are most affected by gonorrhea. According to the World Health Organization, annually there are registered 60-70 millions of new cases infected with gonorrhea.

What are the symptoms?

The incubation period, meaning the period between the infection and the occurrence of the symptoms is ranging from 3 to 21 days. Some persons don’t show any symptoms until they develop severe complications.

How to avoid the infection?

Gonorrhea, as the other sexually transmitted diseases, it can be prevented by using the condom.

What is the treatment?

Although it can lead to severe complications, gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. Even so, the severe complications cannot be cured only by antibiotics. A reexamination is recommended at 5-6 months after finishing the treatment to verify if the infection has been eliminated completely. Being a sexually transmitted disease, the treatment must be taken by both partners and if it is the case, by the last 90 days partners, as well.

Not following the treatment on time leads to serious complications. The infection can be transmitted from mother to child and the children can suffer ocular infections or can become infertile by having the reproduction organs affected by gonorrhea. Before pregnancy, it is recommended that both partners be tested for any sexually transmitted diseases. Adults can develop articular affections. Untreated it can lead to infertility and pregnant women can suffer ectopic pregnancies ( rarely it can lead to death ).

The symptoms in females can be :

  • Smarting while urinating
  • Pain while urinating
  • White-yellow festering vaginal secretions
  • Pain during intercourse

The symptoms in males can be :

  • White-yellow penile secretions
  • Pain while urinating
  • Smarting during urination
  • Abdominal pain

What is syphilis?

Treponema pallidum, subspecies pallidum or syphilis is a bacteria that is transmitted through unprotected, vaginal, oral or anal sexual contact. Although it is classified as a sexually transmitted disease, syphilis can also be transmitted from mother to fetus or blood transfusions.

How is this infection transmitted?

The risk factors for this disease are multiple:
– sexual, vaginal, oral or anal contact, unprotected with a condom;
– multiple sexual partners;
– infected blood transfusions;

Who is affected by syphilis?

Anyone can suffer from this disease, regardless of age and gender.

What are the symptoms and stages of syphilis?

The disease has four stages: primary, secondary, latent: early and late and tertiary, and the first symptoms are manifested as painless injuries, often present in the genital area. Find out more details about all stages of syphilis(link).

How do you know if you have syphilis?

With the Simple Syphilis Rapid Test, which you can easily do in the privacy of your home and which gives you a prompt and accurate diagnosis.

How does the test work?

The test identifies the presence of the infection by analyzing a drop of blood that you can harvest on your finger, using the kit in the box. The test specificity is 98.2%.

What is the treatment?

Syphilis is a disease that can cause serious complications if it is not treated in time. Treatment with antibiotics works in most stages, although it is not effective in case of complications. The details and form of treatment should be determined by your doctor.

Although periodic tests can confirm the success of treatment, the disease is not cured easily. In addition, the sexual partners of the infected person should be tested and treated if they also appear to be infected.

Symptoms and stages of syphilis:

The disease has four stages: primary, secondary, latent (early and late) and tertiary, and the first symptoms are manifested as painless injuries, often present in the genital area.

What is HIV?

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a serious virus that destroys the immune system, and all infected people become prone to occasional infections and severe complications. HIV is the one that triggers Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. As the immune system begins to weaken, white blood cells become incapable of resisting disease and fighting against germs, which would normally have resistance due to the immune system. For this reason, germs are staying in the body and multiply.

How is this infection transmitted?

The virus is transmitted sexually (classified as sexually transmitted disease), from mother to fetus and blood transfusions.

HIV is among the few viruses that are transmitted quite difficult, unable to survive outside the body. It cannot be contacted through air, sneezing, coughing, being dependent on liquids and heat.

Who is affected by HIV?

Anyone can get infected, no matter the sex or age.

What are the symptoms?

HIV infection is extraordinarily problematic because the main manifestations of the disease do not feel immediately compared to other sexually transmitted infections but after a period of time between 5 and 15 years.
Symptoms of HIV infection are similar to those of a common flu: fever, rash, runny nose, or frequent headache. These symptoms disappear after a few weeks and, even if the virus is inactive, it remains present and sexually transmitted. During this time, the virus can be detected by blood and cerebrospinal fluid analyzes. After certain periods of time, different from person to person, the virus reactivates, begins to multiply again and AIDS develops, as well as the first clear symptoms of the infection:
– mouthwashes: the appearance of whitish spots at the tongue level;
– leucoplasia: appearance along the tongue, internal cheek face and oral mucus of white or gray spots. At this stage, the immune system starts fighting the infection. When the immune system starts to fail, the body becomes exposed to infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis or encephalitis, inflammations that can cause mental problems, including dementia. Also, visual disturbances, digestive problems and continuous bleeding may also occur.

After a few weeks or months, the body is overwhelmed by the complexity of the conditions, and the patient enters the last stages of the disease when, unfortunately, death can occur.

How do you prevent the infection?

HIV infection can be prevented by using a condom during sexual intercourse. In addition, we need to remain alert when we are in a situation where we need to make an injection or blood transfusion, although the sterile, disposable medical equipment it’s eliminating the chance of being infected with any disease. There are good cases where the HIV-bearing pregnant woman does not transmit the virus to the baby, if she remains under the care of the doctor throughout her pregnancy and childbirth, which should be done via Caesarean section.

What is the treatment?

Unfortunately, at this time, there is no known cure that can completely cure man of the HIV virus. No immunization solutions have been found to prevent the development and spread of the virus in the body. Despite sustained efforts and ongoing research, the progress is slow.

Physicians have improved their ability to treat HIV-related illnesses and the mortality rate is decreasing.

The first clear symptoms of the infection:

– mouthwashes: the appearance of whitish spots at the tongue level;
– leucoplasia: appearance along the tongue, internal cheek face and oral mucus of white or gray spots. At this stage, the immune system starts fighting the infection.

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is one of the most widespread infectious diseases worldwide, affecting about 2 billion people.

Hepatitis B virus infection affects the liver. The disease can be acute or chronic and can be worn inside the body for the entire life, generating serious liver conditions. Hepatitis B can cause scar tissue formation, liver dysfunction, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer and even death.

How is the infection transmitted?

Hepatitis B can be transmitted through unprotected sex, being classified as a sexually transmitted disease. It can also be transmitted very frequently from mother to baby during delivery.

Who is affected by Hepatitis B?

Over time, specialists have identified a number of high-risk types of people:
– people with multiple sexual partners who do not use a condom;
– persons diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases,
– infected mothers who, at birth, transmit the virus to the newborn;
– people receiving blood transfusions;
– injecting drug users;
– people traveling to countries with hepatitis B high prevalence;

What are the symptoms?

Hepatitis B infection manifestations usually occur within 90 days of infection, although most of the infected persons may be asymptomatic and up to 30 years after the infection.

The most common symptoms of Hepatitis B are:

– fatigue;
– fever;
– weight loss;
– dark urine;
– lack of hunger;
– nausea;
– abdominal pain;
– yellow skin color;
– joint pain;
– vomiting.

How do you prevent the infection?

By using a condom in all cases where your partner is at risk of being infected.

What is the treatment?

The doctor decides the treatment according to the stage of the disease. If possible, he may administer the patient the anti-hepatic vaccine in a dose that stimulates the immune system to fight the infection. If the disease is discovered in advanced stages, treatment can be very severe. During the treatment, it is strictly forbidden the consumption of alcoholic beverages and the doctor’s recommendations must be followed in detail. Any mistake may worsen the disease.